The Littoral Cᴏᴍʙᴀᴛ Ship, or LCS, is a pair of relatively small surface boats intended by the US Navy for near-shore missions (USN). It was conceived as a networked, nimble, and stealthy surface combatant capable of countering anti-access and asymmetric ᴛʜʀᴇᴀᴛs in the littorals.
The history of LCS began in the late 1990s when the U.S Navy realized its Cold Wᴀʀ era. Cruisers and destroyers have been designed for open ocean warfare and would be v̵u̵l̵n̵e̵r̵a̵b̵l̵e̵ in shallow coastal waters. The first Navy’s official solution was the DD-21, a large coastal w̵a̵r̵s̵h̵i̵p̵ that could absorb hits. However in October 2001, Sabroski Device Admiral was appointed to head the pentagon’s new office of forest transformation. Shortly after, the Admiral Vernon Clark canceled the DD-21 and replaced it with a family of ships including the literal combat ship which was motivated to produce ships cheaper and faster in order to increase fleet size.
Clark declared the LCS was his most transformational effort and number one budget priority. In 2003, the Navy finally launched its first literal combat ship experimental.